In the 11th.century, Cluniac monks made the shrine of St.James at Compostella famous as a pilgrimage site.
erection of stone statues begins, at
Short-lived settlements led by Leif Eriksson, on the
Moulds used, in and North
`In as in other towns the origin of the body
of freemen is lost in obscurity. The eleventh-century gild which existed in
`Of surnames as such there were hardly any in the England of pre-Conquest days ... in France, however, surnames started about the year 1000 AD ... on the other hand among the Romans the surname sytem ... reached a clear and definite structure.' [cognomen = surname]
Massacre of St.Brice`s Day.
Sweyn begins annual raids. (to 1007) He
attacks and sacks
The area around Hertford is described as being overrun by Danes.
End of King
monarchsEthelred II Redeless' first reign (since 975). monarchsSweyn
(Sven Forkbeard of
End of King Sweyn`s reign (since 1013). monarchsEthelred II Redeless ascends the throne the second time (to 1016).
The Battle of
battlesLondon Bridge. King monarchsOlaf helps defend the city against the Danes. Several Norse sagas told how Olaf commanded his men to pull
`London Bridge is broke down,
Gold is won, and bright renown,
Hildar shouting in the din!
Odin makes our Olaf win!`
End of King monarchsEthelred II Redeless' second reign (since 1014). monarchsEdmund Ironside ascends the throne (but doesn`t see the year out).monarchs Canute (Knut), a Dane, ascends the throne (to 1035).
Ashundun and Treaty of Alney.
monarchsCanute`s conquest of Norway and dependencies make him master of an
empire comprising England, Denmark, Norway, Iceland, the Orkneys, the Hebrides, the Isle of Man and the Scandinavian settlements in
Ireland. The king divides
monarchsCanute dies, and there is a dispute over succession between his two sons, monarchsHardacanute and monarchsHarold Harefoot. Eventually, the Witan [parliament] divides the realm between them.
Witan acknowledges monarchsHarold Harefoot as king of
Hardacanute returns to England, to dispute Harold Harefoot`s claim to the throne, but Harold dies before the matter is put to the test, and Hardacanute becomes king.
Last Danish king of
`A man of deep piety, he was perhaps too gentle and benevolent for the sometimes rather brutal times in which he lived.`
`That the Fosse Way was regarded as a major highway in early Norman if not late Saxon times, is attested to by the so-called `Laws of Edward the Confessor', which include a section on the four great highways which came under the King's Peace; Watling Street, Icknield Street, Fosse Way and Ermine Street.'
manor, in the hundred of Exminster, given to Bishop bishopsExeterLeofric by Edward.
Creation of first ese state, at Pagan.
King Edward marries, at age 40, Edith, daughter of Godwine, Earl of Essex.
Possible first mention of an Earl Branscombe? (to 1072)
before the NormanConquest, belonged to the
Branscombe manor was given to the canons of
Confessor transfers the See of
Raiding Danes may have seized land around Branscombe at this time, but were repulsed over the next 20 years.
settlements in the south-west of
with clay, moveable type, invented in
Exile of Earl Godwine.
William of in
Earl at the court.
King monarchsEdward the Confessor`s newly-built churchesWestminster Abbey is consecrated.
25 September: King
Harold defeats the Norwegians at
28 September: William, Duke of Normandy, leads his army ashore after crossing the Channel overnight, and captures Pevensey.
14 October: Harold
is defeated and killed, at the
;`At Hastings, in 1066, Taillefer the Jongleur went before the army, flinging his sword in the air and singing stirring stanzas from the Song of Roland.'
`The Song of
Roland was about a Breton of that name, a friend of Charlemagne, killed at the
`King Harold's thanes who rode to Hastings in 1066 and then, to their undoing, dismounted to fight, were beaten and dispossessed by Norman invaders who fought on horseback, towering over the Anglo-Saxons and crushing them. The man on horseback dominated English society for the next seven or eight centuries.'
`The numbers of ancestors doubles with each generation as you proceed backwards ... so that ten generations back (say 300 years) you may have as many as 1,024 ancestors; at 1066 (30 generations) the nominal number would exceed a billion, but of course thousands of names would be repeated thousands of times.'
After the Battle
of Hastings, Bishop Leofric gave sanctuary to the mother of Harold but declared
for William the Conqueror, who refrained from punishing the city and entered by
the east gate as the queen escaped by the west. Norman Excestre gained
The Rising. William marches on the city, which submits. As a result, the castle, Rougemont, is built.
Exeter`s first bishop, bishopsExeterWarelwast, replaces Leofric. A nephew of William, and later chaplain to both monarchsWilliam II William's son, Rufus, and monarchsHenry I.
Names inscribed on the roll of honour at churchesBattle Abbey, after its completion, include:
De la Pole
The great Norman
family of de la Pomerai () used their manor of PomeroyBerry
Pomeroy from the Conquest to 1548, as their
principal residence in
Bishop bishopsOsbern installed. (to 1103)
`The presence in
An article in the Exeter Express & Echo of 11 November 1981 claims Hole House in Branscombe was built in this year, by Simon de Holcomb, a Saxon bowman in the Battle of Hastings, who was evicted from Farringdon Manor when William The Conqueror took Exeter in 1074 [should this be 1067, or did he take it again?]. It claims the de Holcomb family owned Hole House until 1603, including Sir John de Holcomb, who died in the Crusades and who, with his wife, Isabella of Rousdon, owned all the land between Branscombe and Lyme regis.
2 November: Matilda dies. (queen of William?)
The Inquisicio Gheldi lists a manor called Brunescume (Brianscombe), in Corfe Castle Parish, Aileveswoda (Aylswood) hundred. [Isle of Purbeck?] It is bracketed with Acton (Langton Wallis), Swanage, Durnford & Moleham. The Saxon owner is shown as Algar in paragio (?) Its Domesday tenant is shown as Hugo de Nemore Herberti.
Hertford is described as having three mills and two churches.
Book completed and delivered to
At the time of
Lands of St.Peter of the
`Bishop bishopsOsbern has a manor called Douelis () which T.R.E. paid geld for 7 hides. (1792 acres) These 30 ploughs can till. Thereof the bishop has 1 hide (256 acres) and 2 ploughs in demesne, and the villeins have 6 hides (1536 acres) and 24 ploughs. This manor is assigned for the support of the canons. There the bishop has 30 villeins, (c.50 acres each) 8 bordars, 3 serfs, 3 cows, 2 swine, 100 sheep, coppice 3 furlongs in length and 1 in breadth, 6 acres of meadow, and 12 acres of pasture. It is worth 8 pounds a year when the bishop received it, it was worth 7 pounds.`
Editor`s note to the above: manor in the hundred of Exminster. Given to Bishop bishopsExeterLeofric by the Confessor in 1044
Lands of St.Peter of the
`Bishop Osbern has a manor called Branchescoma (Branscombe) which Bishop Leuric (Leofric) held in T.R.E., and it paid geld for 5 hides. (1280 acres) These 16 ploughs can till. It is allotted for the support of the canons. Thereof the canons have 1 hide in demesne (256 acres) and 1 plough, and the villeins have 4 hides (1024 acres) and 15 ploughs. There the canons have 22 villeins, (c.46 acres each) 5 bordars, 1 serf, 1 beast, 150 sheep, 12 acres of coppice and 2 acres of meadow. It is worth 6 pounds a year.`
Editor's note to the above: Branscombe manor in Colyton hundred. In 857 the property of the crown, and mentioned in monarchsEdulwulf`s will. Given by king monarchsAlfred to his younger son, Aethelweard, in 901. When he died before his father, Branscombe passed to monarchsEdward the Elder, and from him to monarchsAthelstan. (c.895-940) Athelstan gave this and other estates to the monastery of St.Peter at Exeter, which held it until 1050, when Bishop bishopsExeterLeofric transferred his cathedral church from Crediton; to Exeter, whereupon the monks moved to LondonWestminster and their monastery, with its endowments, were given to the secular canons of the new cathedral
Regis Edwardi = "the day on which
Edward was alive and dead". (5 Jan.1066)
of assessment on which Danegeld was paid
= 256 acres.
Virgate quarter of a hide = 64 acres.
Ferling quarter of a virgate = 16 acres.
much land as 8 oxen could cultivate
= 4 ferlings = 64 acres.
`The manor consists of demesne and villagers' land. Demesne is the lord`s home farm. Villagers' land is that occupied by his dependents on condition of cultivating the lord`s farm for him.' 
Book Hammersmith is undoubtedly included under Fulham, not being then a separate parish...The Broadway dates its origin back to very early times; it was a clearing in the woods; we read in Domesday that there was `wood for 1000 swine hereabouts.''
`The population of
William I summons
all land-holders of substance in
monarchsWilliam I the Conqueror of Normandy ends, when he
A ring-motte and
bailey castle exists (is built?) on , a volcanic rock extrusion within the
The first to reverse Islamic gains in the
The cult of Saint
saintsGeorge is brought back to
`Begun only 27 years after the Conquest, churchesDurham Cathedral, with its massive grandeur, is the supreme example of Anglo-Norman Romanesque architecture.'
The Council of
Clermont. `The recovery of Islam, and the threat it posed to Christendom
Four years after
Pope popesUrban II proclaimed the First Crusade, at the
Council of Clermont, his initiative is rewarded with the capture of
© 1996-2006 Ronald Branscombe
Email: genealogy (at) branscombe (dot) net
 George Pelling, Beginning Your Family Tree, pp.10-11
 Izacke, Remarkable Antiquities ..., p.265
The History of
 Rowling, 1973, p.16
 Rowling, 1973, p.16
 Perkin, The Age of the Railway, pp.35-36
 Pelling, Beginning Your Family History, 1990
 Platt, p.25
 Eyton, A Key to Domesday, p.111
 The Exeter Book, 1086, quoted in Page
 Andrew Todd, Basic Sources For Family History #1,
Allen & Todd, Bury, Lancs., 1987, p.5
 Fox, Roman Exeter..., p.1
 Withycombe [cf:1349]
 Platt, p.41
 Platt, p.21