The header for each year is preceded with an @ sign to facilitate searching
Collapse of the Khmer kingdom, and many of its' contemporaries, in
About 1400: Completion of Saint Mary, Tyburn, church, on the banks of the
Ty-burn. Later the location of the
`The period 1400-1600 was one of very rapid development both in ship-building and in armament, but information is fragmentary, and the period as a whole has been termed a "gap" in nautical knowledge.'
`This was the century in which
`Accounts of the overland journey to
The Halsey family have been associated with Great Gaddesden, Hertfordshire, since the early 15th century.
`The deposed king, Richard II, comes to an obscure end in
Geoffrey Chaucer dies, aged 60. `Historians agree that there is nothing in
[his] career to suggest that Chaucer was anything other than a moderately
Approximate year when Sir John Wadham of Edge Barton, Branscombe, the
judge, acquires Merifield, in
Beginning of the Chinese maritime expeditions, which eventually reached the
east coast of
Sir Philip Courtenay, Lord Lieutenant of
The statute de Heretico Carburendo says heretics are to be burned at the stake, if they do not confess their heresy.
Sir William Bonville of Shute dies. Buried at Newenham Abbey.
12 March: John Wadham makes his will. [cf:1473] Items listed bequeathed to Joan [Wriothesley], his [second?] wife, include:
`...all the stock of wines at Muryfeld...' [Merifield, Ilton,
`Item, I bequeath for paying four chaplains to be hired for one year to celebrate for my soul, and the souls for which I am bound, 40 marks; and if this can be done at a less price, the residue shall be expended for the souls of Maude, late my wife, my father and mother, Richard Brankescomb, Margaret his wife, Cicely Turberuill [possibly John's sister] and all faithful deceased...
Item, I bequeath to the mending of the church at Brankescomb, 20s. Item, to
the mending of the church at Knouston [Knowstone,
Item, I bequeath to Bartholomew Pyle 40s...
Item, I bequeath to the mending of the muddy way between Clyst and Newton Poppleford £4.
Item, to the mending of the muddy way from Shaftesbury to Sherbourne, 100s...
Item, to the vicar of Brankescomb church, for tithes forgotten, and that he may pray for me, 6s 8d...to this my will I have affixed my seal.
Given on Saturday, the Feast of Saint Gregory, 13 Henry IV'
`These endowed chantries, ranging up to periods of thirty or fifty years or perpetuity, and usually including the relatives of the donor, provided employment to the clergy and income to the churches. Unattached priests with no other function could make a living from the commissions and otherwise lead, as was popularly supposed, an idle and dissolute life.'
In Subsidy Rolls 13 Henry IV (1411-12), John Wadham's lands in
Manor de Myryfeld (Merifield, Ilton,
In a recess on the north wall of
Hic jacet Willelmus Pylton, quondam Canonicus et Residentiarius hujus Ecclesie, Secretarius Regi Henrico quarto, et Archidianconus Eboracensis. [Henry IV 1399-1413]
Death of Sir John Wadham, Justice of the Common Pleas in the reign of Richard (1377-99)
12 August: Sir John Wadham's will proved in
Reign of King Henry IV (Henry Bolingbroke of
Portuguese capture Centa. This marks the beginning of
Henry V's crushing of the French army. `... established an English occupation in northern France which endured close on forty years, and gave some Englishmen of all classes a continental interest and experience which fed back into domestic affairs andwhich is possibly underestimated by historians.'
`When Jan Hus was burned at the stake for heresy by the Council of Constance in 1415, Wyclif's bones were ordered dug up and burned at the same time. Even riddled by the schism, the Church was still in control. The cracking of the old and famous structures is slow and internal, while the façade holds.' [Wyclif d.1384]
A French fleet blockades
Edge Barton, Branscombe, owned by William Wadham.
Beer is introduced to
Adam Branscombe and his wife Mabilla, flourish at this time.
Death of Henry V, in France (King since 1413). Henry VI ascends the throne for the first of two reigns (this one to 1461)
Birth of William Caxton (to 1491)
30 May: Genealogy in Fine Rolls of Adam Branscombe [son of Richard &
Margaret of Edge Barton] and his wife Agnes [Doddescombe], and their
daughter Ibote, with reference to a dispute over ownership of lands at Legh
Adam Branscombe and Agnes, one of five daughters of John & Cecily
Doddescombe (deceased). They had one child, Ibote, then Adam died. Agnes
re-married, to Richard Champernon, and they had a son, Otes (Otho? -
According to the Visitation of Devon, [which appears to have this
all wrong] Agnes died on
`Doddescombleigh was the inheritance and dwelling of Sir Ralph Doddescombe, knight, in the days of Henry I. This patrimony ended in the days of Edward III, in John Doddescombe, which by Cecily his wife, had issue of 5 daughters. One, Agnes, married Adam Branscombe. From Agnes, by Britt, Thomas Wise esquire is descended. Not any of their lineage at this time enjoys it, says Sir W. Pole.' [cf:1346 Branscombe/Britt/Wise]
`Stoke Damarel, separated from Stonehouse by a small creek, bears the adjunct of the Damarells, its hereditary lords from the Norman Conquest to Edward. In the 19th. year of Edward III (1346), Richard Branscombe owned it. He was succeeded by the Britts, whose properties were brought by marriage to the Wises.' [cf: 1360 Branscombe/Britt/Wise]
Adam de Barnecombe owns land in Tammerton, in the hundred of Colrigge and
Rouburgh [Tamarton Foliot,
The Duke of Norfolk and several others saved, by residents of
According to the Visitation of Devon, which appears to have a few
things wrong, (cf: 1423), Agnes Doddescombe - Branscombe - Champernon died on
About this year, Thomas Courtenay, fifth Earl of Devon, marries Margaret,
daughter of John Beaufort, Earl of Somerset. (Her tomb is at Colyton,
The Incas state of
Until the fifteenth century, the River Tamar is the boundary between the English and Cornish languages, but over the following 200 years, it will be pushed west and marginalised.
Sir William Wadham, son of the second Sir John, is Sheriff of Devon, and possibly residing at Edge Barton.
King Henry VI of the House of Lancaster, at the age of eighteen, founds the
Pevsner says the canopy over Bishop Walter Branscombe's tomb in Exeter Cathedral was new in this year.
Saint Bernadino dies.
Gutenberg prints the first book in
Approximate year in which a mural depicting the Seven Deadly Sins is painted on the nave walls of Saint Winifred's church, in Branscombe. Fragments still survive.
July: Jack Cade and 40,000 Kentish rebels advance on
Start of the "Little Ice Age" (to 1850).
Year of death of William Wadham, builder of the Wadham Aisle at Ilminster, son of Sir John the judge. [William b.1391, possibly at Edge Barton, Branscombe]
End of the Hundred Years' War. (since 1337)
October: The Earl of Devon and his retainers stop the Justices of the Peace
holding their sessions in
November: The Earl of Devon and his retainers force
Neville, Bishop of Exeter (to 1464) commissions a new east window at Saint Winifred's church, Branscombe, containing his arms.
William Wey of
First reign of Henry VI ends (since 1422), when he is deposed. Edward IV of
The Earldom of Devon, revived for Hugh Courtenay in 1335, is forfeited by attainder of Thomas Courtenay. Total to date: 6 earls. [earldom dormant until 1470. According to Worthy, Thomas's brother John recovered the earldom, but the editor of the Alphington ms in the DFHS library says he only recovered portions of the estates belonging to it]
Neville, Bishop of
Approximate year of death of Bartholomew Halsey Esquire, according to a monumental brass in St.Alban's Abbey. Two sons and two daughters also mentioned, and a (W. Florens?).
Humphrey Stafford of Southwick created Earl of Devon by patent. Title extinguished the same year, when he died. [the earldom has been dormant since 1462. Revived again in 1485]
First reign of Edward IV of
Manor of Tamerton Foliot [
6 August: John Wadham's will made out prior to his departure for the
`When someone set out to see these places, the whole town assembled to see
them off. Friends and well-wishers asked to be remembered in the prayers at the
sacred places because a pilgrim was thought to enjoy special merit; the Bishop
of Lincoln was not ashamed to ask Margery Kempe to pray for him when she set
out for the
Otho Gilbert is sheriff of
5 December: John Wadham's will of 1473 proved. [cf: 1412]
The first engraved atlas of the world is published, based on the researches
of Claudius Ptolemy of
The first printed book published in
Ivan III, the first Russian Tsar, subdues
Earliest known trade venture across the
A catastrophe on
Second reign of Edward IV of
19 August, Westminster: Patent Rolls mention a place called Brannescombe in Worcestershire.
The Battle of Bosworth Field.
The reign of Richard III ends (since 1483), the last of the Norman and Plantagenet Kings (1066-1485). Henry VII succeeds (to 1509), the first of the Tudor dynasty (1485-1603).
`The name Hammersmith (London) occurs first in the Court Rolls at the beginning of Henry VII's reign.'.
The Earldom of Devon, dormant since 1470, is revived in favour of Edward Courtenay, then heir-in-law to the attainted Earl, Thomas Courtenay (1462). [forfeited by attainder as to succession, in 1502]
Cornish rebels supporting the Yorkist pretender, Perkin Warbeck beseige Exeter. Citizens led by the Earl of Devon drive them back.
Warbeck claimed to be the younger of the two princes supposedly murdered in the Tower of London, and thus the rightful king of England. He was captured, retracted his claim, and was hanged.
The "tenth" of this year reveals Henry Hull of Exeter is a tenant of Roger Brownscomb, who paid 2s 8d on his behalf. [this is the first Branscombe reference in Exeter after the last Richard de Branscombe, Sheriff of Devon, and the only one this century. The next is 1548, Walter]
`The indications are that Bristol fishermen had certainly reached Dogger Bank and Nova Scotia by the year 1490, convinced that the land on which they dried their nets was Brasil'.
The Worshipful Company of Weavers, Fullers and Shearers is incorporated, in Exeter. Regulations included a seven year apprenticeship and a fee to be paid to obtain the freedom to conduct business within the city walls.
The fall of Granada, Spain. Arabs and Jews are expelled. Spanish begin conquest of north African coast.
Christopher Columbus, an Italian, navigates the Caribbean, under the Spanish flag, and discovers the New World. His brother Bartholomew had unsuccessfully petitioned Henry VII to underwrite the scheme. Christopher had previously sailed from Bristol to Iceland, on fishing vessels, and there were well established tales of a far western continent.
12 October: Columbus makes his first landfall on the island of San Salvador in the Bahamas.
The Incas empire of South America reaches its' height, extending 3500 kms North to South.
First Spanish settlement in the New World, at Hispaniola.
The Treaty of Tordesillas divides New World between Portugal and Spain.
`The responsibilities which the Freedom of the City of Exeter entailed are summed up in the oath sworn by entrants. The earliest surviving text dates from the reign of Henry VII, probably from 1496-7:
`Y [I] shall truly serve owr'sovrayn lord kyng Henry the vijth Kyng of Englond and of Fraunce and Lord of Yrlond, and his heirez kynges of Englond and the maier baillyvys and com'alte of the Citie of Excetour and their Successourz for the tyme beyng as a franchised man of the same. Also y shalbe Justisiable and Gildhable to all maner of tax' tallage or eny other comyn' charge of the said Citie as ought'tymys as y shall be tharto duly required and than and thare to geve my best mynd and Councell for the welth of the said Citie accordyng' after such witte and kunnyng' as god hath geve me, and all suche Councell as shall than happyn to be disclosed and shewid not to disclose ne shewe it to eny other person or persons to the hurt or preiudice of the said Citie. Also y shall colour no man ys godis beyng no franchised man of the said citie in my name to the hurt and preiudice of the same Citie. Also y shall not swe [sue] eny franchised man of the said Citie for eny mater determynable here in this Court but only in this Court except it be for lak' of right here. Also y shall support susteyne and Meynteyn the liberteis and franchesiesz of the said Citie in every rightful Cause ageyn' all other persons. Also y shall truly come to the election of every newe Mayer of the said Citie and than and thare truly geve my voyse to the same, and all other thynges that concernyth a franchesed man etc.'
With the possible exception of the requirement to come to the mayoral elections, all of these duties can be shown to have been incumbent on the freemen in the fourteenth century, and no doubt are considerably older. In the absence of a merchant guild, the obligations of the freemen, like their commercial privileges, were enforced in the city court, normally through proceedings by the mayors and bailiffs, ex officio.'
John Cabot's first, unsuccessful voyage from Bristol to find a western route to Cathay, on board the Matthew.
20 May: John Cabot departs Bristol the second time for the New World, on an expedition financed by the city. Sights land on 24 June, after a journey of about a month. Went ashore, probably somewhere in Newfoundland, and claimed it for England. A fleet of six ships, including the Matthew (50t), with a crew of 18, including John's son, Sebastian. Cabot thought he had reached the Orient, whose wealth Marco Polo had described as inexhaustible. By August, Cabot had returned to Bristol, and was fêted. A second expedition followed, in 1498. `The voyages of John Cabot laid the foundations of English claims to North America.'
Cardinal Morton, Bishop of Ely and minister of Henry VII, completes the construction of his palace at Bishop's Hatfield.
May: John Cabot's second trans-Atlantic voyage ends in failure. The discovery of world sea-routes by Columbus and Vasco de Gama sets the stage for integrated world trade.
16 April: Inquisition post-mortem on Margaret Holcombe, who died 7 April. She owned a tenement in Branscombe worth 40s, held of the Dean & Chapter of Exeter cathedral in free socage. [possibly refers to Hole House]
© 1996-1999 Ronald Branscombe
Email: genealogy (at) branscombe (dot) net